新型コロナウイルスの専門用語が分からない!クラスター・オーバーシュート・ロックダウンについて解説

アイキャッチ画像 ウイルス

新型コロナウイルスの情報が多く流れていますが、専門用語なども頻繁に出てきます。

その情報を知りたくても、専門用語があるせいで分かりずらくなってしまいます。

今回は、新型コロナウイルスでも多く使われる専門用語の「クラスター」「オーバーシュート」「ロックダウン」についてまとめてみました。

専門用語まとめ

クラスター

英語の「cluster(集団)」という意味で、 新型コロナウイルスの場合は感染者の集団のことを指します。

新型コロナウイルスの場合は一人の感染者から複数の人に感染が広がっていることがあり、この感染が広がった集団のことをクラスターといいます。

オーバーシュートとは

英語の「overshoot(外す、行き過ぎる)」からきており、今回の場合は爆発的な感染拡大を伴う大規模流行を意味します。

簡単に言うと、「感染爆発」というわけです。そもそも、ウイルスによる感染爆発はアウトブレイク(感染爆発)という言葉が使われていました。

なぜ、わざわざ「オーバーシュート」を使ったのでしょうか?

考えられる理由は二つあり、一つは知れ渡っているアウトブレイク(感染爆発)という言葉を使うと、市民がパニックを起こす可能性があるため。

二つ目は、 本来オーバーシュートとは、金融・証券用語であり価格の行き過ぎた変動を表す言葉でした。 そのため、人の意思によって変動する金融・証券と同じで、新型コロナウイルスによる感染も、人の意思・危機管理によって変動するという意味を込めているという考えです。

政府もいろいろ考えているんですね。

ロックダウンとは

英語の「lockdown(封鎖)」からきており、新型コロナウイルスの場合は都市封鎖という意味で使われています。

ロックダウンは今のところイタリア、フランス、中国(武漢)、インドで行われいます。

東京でも、ロックダウン(都市封鎖)が行われるかもしれないという話がありますが、ロックダウンが起こるとどんなことになるのでしょうか?

海外の例としては「外出制限」「生活必需品の販売店舗以外営業停止」「出社禁止」などがあり、経済に与える影響はとても大きくなることが考えられます。

ですが、人から人への感染を減らすことは確実にできるのでウイルス対策としては、有効であることは確かです。

まとめ

新型コロナウイルスが猛威を振るうこの時期に関しては、常に情報が更新されていきます。

常に、自分でアンテナを張って新しい情報を取得しましょう。

以上、御清覧ありがとうございました。

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