外国のコロナ対策 国民への給付金はいくら? 日本との比較

ウイルス

こんにちはNUMARABOです。

今日3月18日現在、日本の与党がコロナ対策のために一部の国民に1万2千円以上の給付を検討するということを発表しました。

4月4日現在、住民非課税の生活保護や母子家庭世帯などを対象に30万円の給付を検討しています。

外国でもコロナによる経済の落ち込みへの対策として、現金給付をするそうなので日本は外国と比べてどのくらいなのかというのを紹介していきます。

外国の給付金額

アメリカ 13万円

アメリカは当初国民に10万円を支給するという形をとっていましたが、3月25日にさらに金額を上げた景気刺激策を可決しました。

年収が7万5千ドル(約825万円)以下の大人は最大1200ドル(約13万円)、子供には500ドル(約5万4千円)を支給するとしています。

また、他にも様々な政策が上院で可決されています。

失業給付を拡大。これには自営業や単発仕事のフリーランスの人も初めて含まれる

5000億ドルの資金枠で、航空業界など新型ウイルス拡大で特に打撃を受けている業界に融資

中小企業支援には3500億ドルを用意。雇用を維持して従業員に給与を払えば、返済不要にする

感染対策の最前線にいる医療機関など医療体制整備に1000億ドルを充てる

引用元:米上院が大型支援策可決、大人1人に約13万円現金給付へ ニューヨークは感染悪化https://www.bbc.com/japanese/52048945

韓国 8万7千円

全世帯の7割における1400万世帯に最大100万ウォン(日本円で8万7千5百円)の緊急災難支援金を支給すると発表しました。

韓国の場合は、現金での給付ではなく有効期限のある地域限定の商品券や、電子マネーで支給する形です。

このようなやり方を取って、国民が貯金などにまわすのではなく景気上昇のための消費行動に動くように工夫されています。

また、給付対象である全世帯の7割は所得水準の下位7割ということで、高所得世帯ではなく低所得世帯のみに配られるようです。

香港政府 14万8千円

香港政府は1万香港ドル(約14万1800円)を18歳以上の全市民に一律支給の予算案を発表しています。

この給付の対象者は700万人を対象としており、総額は710億香港ドル (約9810億円)です。

香港政府の陳茂波(ポール・チャン)財政長官は、早ければ7月上旬にも申請受付を始めると明らかにしました。

現段階では現金給付としています。

シンガポール 

シンガポールは、かなり細かく設定されています。

 シンガポール政府も2月18日に約5000億円の経済対策を発表している。同国の主要産業である、観光、航空、小売、外食、運送の業界に対して減税や緊急融資、空港着陸料の軽減、政府が保有する不動産の賃料減免などを実施するほか、雇用維持のために全国民に対して月給の8%分(上限あり)を3カ月間雇用主に補助する。生活者支援の基本となるのは先ほどの雇用維持支援だが、それに加えて、21歳以上のすべての国民に対して現金2万3000円が支払われ、さらに低所得者に対しては2019年に支給した支援額の20%分が現金支給される。また、子どもや高齢者を抱える世帯には追加で8000円の現金支給と公共料金の払い戻し、50歳以上の国民に対しては電子マネーによるチャージ、公共住宅の住民には商品券の配布が行われる。

引用元:https://news.nicovideo.jp/watch/nw6782476

まとめ

日本の場合は現金給付でも給付金額や所得制限などの線引き、それ以外に商品券・クーポン券など、いろいろな案が出されているが実行されるまでには時間がかかる

素早い対応を期待したいです。

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